What is Geoscience?
What is Geoscience?
Geoscience is the science of the earth and its origin and history, the investigation of the earth's environment and its constituent soils, rocks, minerals, fossil fuels, solids, and fluids, and the study of the natural and introduced agents, forces, and processes that cause changes in and on the earth.
Geology is the study of the origin, composition, structure, and history of the earth and its constituent soils, rocks, minerals, fossil fuels, solids, fluids and gases, and the study of the natural and introduced agents, forces, and processes that cause changes in and on the earth. There are many subdivisions of geology, which may include historical geology, physical geology, economic geology, mineralogy, paleontology, structural geology, mining geology, petroleum geology, physiography, geomorphology, geochemistry, hydrogeology, petrography, petrology, volcanology, stratigraphic geology, engineering geology, and environmental geology.
Geophysics refers to the study of the physical earth by means of measuring its natural and induced fields of force, including, but not limited to, electric, gravity and magnetic, and its responses to natural and induced energy or forces, the interpretation of these measurements, applied with judgment to benefit or protect the public.
Soil Science is the study of soils, their classification, origin and history, the investigation of physical, chemical, morphological, and biological characteristics of the soil including its ability to produce vegetation and the fate and movement of physical, chemical and biological contaminants.
Examples of activities undertaken by professional geoscientists may include surface and underground mapping and sampling, three-dimensional geoscientific interpretation and modeling, remote sensing interpretation, terrain stability analyses, seismicity and volcanism, geological surveys, geophysical surveys, geomorphological surveys, petrology and mineralogy, mineral exploration, mineral property valuation, oil and gas exploration*, coal exploration, resource and reserve estimation, groundwater studies, environmental assessment, site remediation, closure and reclamation, reporting under regulatory requirements, providing expert testimony, teaching of geoscience*, and academic research in the geosciences* which may be relied upon by other professionals and the public.